Formula One races are regulated and sanctioned by a world federation called the FIA – Fédération Internationale de l`Automobile or the Fédération Internationale de l`Automobile. The name “formula” comes from the rules that participating cars and drivers must follow. If less than 75% of the race laps are completed by the winner, only half of the points indicated in the table are awarded to the drivers and manufacturers. This has only happened five times in the history of the championship, and it had a remarkable impact on the final state of the 1984 season. The last event dates back to the 2021 Belgian Grand Prix, when the race was stopped after only 3 laps behind a safety car due to torrential rains.  What is FORMULA 1? Formula One is one of the most popular sports in the world. It is the highest international racing category for formula single-seater racing cars. Formula One was sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l`Automobile (FIA), founded on 20 June 1904. Formula 1 was opened on 13 May 1950 as the World Drivers` Championship at Silverstone in the United Kingdom. In 1981, it became known as the Fia Formula One World Championship.
The amount of horsepower in a car varies depending on the engine used by the car. Different manufacturers provide different engines to the teams, and some develop their own. A Formula 1 car has about 900 hp. Jump start – sensors are installed in the starting positions to monitor the cars that start before all the red lights go out and signal the start of the race. Such a start is called a quick start and the driver receives a penalty for it. Meanwhile, there were teams led by road car manufacturers Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz and Maserati. In the early seasons, there were pre-war cars like the Alfa 158. These were front engines, narrow tires, and supercharged 1.5-liter or 4.5-liter naturally aspirated engines. The 1952 and 1953 World Championships were held in accordance with Formula Two regulations for smaller, less powerful cars, as there were concerns about the lack of available Formula One cars.   When a new Formula 1 formula for engines limited to 2.5 liters was reintroduced into the World Championship in 1954, Mercedes-Benz introduced the advanced W196.
These included innovations such as desmodromic valves and fuel injection, as well as a closed and streamlined body. Mercedes drivers won the championship for two years before the team retired from all motorsport after the Le Mans disaster in 1955.  The Formula 1 series was created with the European Motorsport Grand Prix Championship in the 1920s and 1930s. The formula consists of a set of rules that the cars of all participants must respect. Formula One was a new formula agreed in 1946, with the first non-championship races taking place that year. The first Formula 1 race was the 1946 Turin Grand Prix. A number of Grand Prix racing organizations had established rules for a world championship before World War II, but due to the suspension of racing during the conflict, the World Drivers` Championship was not formalized until 1947. The first world championship race was held in 1950 at Silverstone, United Kingdom. Giuseppe Farina won the first Drivers` World Championship at the wheel of his Alfa Romeo in 1950 and narrowly beat his teammate Juan Manuel Fangio. However, Fangio won the title in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956 and 1957 (his record of five world titles lasted 45 years until Michael Schumacher won his sixth title in 2003). Fangio`s streak was interrupted (after an injury) by two-time Ferrari champion Alberto Ascari.
Pilots other than regular drivers, called third drivers, can attend Friday training sessions instead of the regular driver. The third drivers are usually newcomers who are trying to gain experience and attention at such events. Initially, when the concept of the new racing category was adopted by the CSI in 1946, it was thought that the term “formula” best summed up a racing department, and it was called Formula International, but some thought it had also been given the name Formula A. Several races called Grands Prix take place around the world over a season. These races together are called the Formula 1 season. The word “formula” refers to a set of rules that all participating teams must follow. Grand Prix is a French word translated into English as Grand Prix. The races take place from tracks classified “1” by the FIA.
Therefore, the name Formula One was adopted. A Formula One race begins with a warm-up lap, called a training lap, and the pit lanes are open for this purpose 30 minutes before the start of the race itself. The pit lanes are far from the start field and are parallel to the start/finish line. Since the deaths of Senna and Ratzenberger, the FIA has used safety as a reason to apply rule changes that would otherwise have had to be accepted by all teams under the Concorde agreement – particularly the changes introduced for 1998. This so-called “narrow track” era led to cars with smaller rear tires, a narrower track overall, and the introduction of grooved tires to reduce mechanical grip. The aim was to reduce cornering speeds and produce races similar to those in the rain by forcing a smaller contact area between the tyre and the track. This, according to the FIA, should reduce cornering speeds in the interest of safety.  Each GP in a season is organised by another country and bears the name of the host country.
Example: A GP in Australia is called the Australian Grand Prix, the Monaco Grand Prix and so on. However, a GP can take place every year in the same city or in different cities of the host country. Carbon carbon disc brakes are used to reduce weight and increase friction performance. These offer very high braking performance and are usually the element that elicits the greatest reaction from drivers who are new to the formula. After the 2nd World War, the International Sports Commission (CSI) decided to revive motorsport. It should be noted that CSI served as the sports arm of the AIACR. The organization elected a new president, Augustin Perouse, who began developing a new Grand Prix formula. The AIACR title was also replaced at that time by the Fédération Internationale de l`Automobile (FIA).